is the world's largest recipient of arms while South Korea is second and
Pakistan and China are tied in third place, says the Stockholm
International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in a study on international
The volume of worldwide arms transfers in 2007-11
was 24 percent higher than in 2002-06 and the five largest arms importers
in 2007-11 were all Asian states, said a press communique.
data revealed that Asia and Oceania accounted for a whopping 44 percent of
global arms imports, followed by Europe 19 percent, the Middle East 17
percent, the Americas 11 percent. Africa was the lowest with 9 percent.
was the world's largest recipient of arms, accounting for 10 percent of
global arms imports.
The other large recipients of arms in
2007-11 were South Korea (6 percent of arms transfers), Pakistan (5
percent), China (5 percent) and Singapore (4 percent).
Asian importing states are seeking to develop their own arms industries
and decrease their reliance on external sources of supply," Pieter
Wezeman, senior researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme, was
quoted as saying.
"A large share of arms deliveries is due to
India's neighbour China was the largest
recipient of arms exports in 2002-06, but it fell to fourth place in
Between 2002-06 and 2007-11, the volume of Chinese arms
exports increased by 95 percent and now China ranks as the sixth largest
supplier of arms in the world.
"While the volume of China's arms
exports is increasing, this is largely a result of Pakistan importing more
arms from China," said Paul Holtom, director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers
"China has not yet achieved a major breakthrough in
any other significant market."
The study said that major
suppliers continued to deliver weapons to countries affected by the events
of the Arab Spring.
Despite a review in 2011 of its arms transfer
policies towards the region, the US remains a major supplier to both
Tunisia and Egypt. In 2011, the US delivered 45 M-1A1 tanks to Egypt and
agreed to deliver 125 more, the communique said.
"The transfer of
arms to states affected by the Arab Spring has provoked public and
parliamentary debate in a number of supplier states. However, the impact
of these debates on states' arms export policies has, up to now, been
limited," said Mark Bromley, senior researcher with the SIPRI Arms
The think-tank also noted that in 2011 Saudi
Arabia placed an order with the US for 154 F-15SA combat aircraft, which
was not only the most significant order placed by any state in 2011 but
also the largest arms deal for at least two decades.