Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Dalits, women and labour.
He was born on 14th April 1891 in Mahu in Madhya Pradesh. He was born in Mahar cast and faced social discrimination because of his cast since his childhood days.
This discrimination ignited fire in him to struggle against this social evil and then he started a campaign against social discrimination. His struggle against untouchability and social discrimination for Dalits, women and labour made him God of Dalit community in history.
He adopted ‘Ambawde’ village as his surname and then he became Bhimrao Ambedkar. After studying law in London he moved to India and formed Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha which was intended to promote education and socio-economic improvement, as well as the welfare of "outcastes", at the time referred to as depressed classes.
By 1927, Ambedkar lauched movements against untouchability to fight for the right of the untouchable community. He was against cast system. He was first Law Minister of Independent India under the government of Jawahar Lal Nehru. He was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, charged by the Assembly to write India's new Constitution.
On October 14, 1956 he was converted into Budhhism with his 8 lakh supporters in a formal public ceremony in Nagpur. On December 6, 1956, Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi. In 1990, Ambedkar was posthumously awarded by the ‘Bharat Ratna’ award.