Modi in a tweet said -
Tributes to two stalwarts of Indian history, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Acharya JB Kripalani on their birth anniversaries. Their contribution towards India’s freedom movement and after was extremely beneficial in the building of our nation.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) November 11, 2017
Azad, an academician and a freedom fighter, was India's first Education Minister, who laid the foundation for an educated nation. He was also a posthumous recipient of the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour.
His birthday is celebrated as "National Education Day" since 2008. Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin in 1888 in Mecca (now Makkah). He passed away on February 22, 1958, in Delhi.
Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani was also born in 1888 in Hyderabad now in Pakistan's Sindh province. In 1917, Kripalani first came into contact with Mahatma Gandhi during the Champaran Satyagraha which turned him into a fully dedicated nationalist.
He was the President of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power from the British in 1947. Acharya Kripalani passed away on March 19, 1982.
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